Investing a huge amount of money only to discover that the gold you just bought is fake is the biggest investment disaster to happen. All that glitters isn’t gold, and all that isn’t gold can be a real piece of worthless metal. Before buying gold, a few simple tests and tricks can save you from buying fake gold jewellery or coins. So here are some nice and easy ways to tell if the gold is real or fake before you buy it.
Whether you buy 22K gold jewellery or 18K jewellery studded with gold, which are the two primary karat weights available in India, always look for stamp with a hallmark note that denominates the purity of the gold. For 22K gold, the hallmark stamp is 917, while on 18k gold jewellery, you will find a figure 750.
If you have a slightest chemistry background, you would know Nitric acid is a highly corrosive mineral acid and is easy to get. Although this test is not suitable for ornamental jewellery as the acid might disrupt the aesthetic beauty of the gold item but for scrappy, old gold, which you plan to buy from a reseller or a pawn shop, nitric acid test works best. Using a nail filer or anything sharp to scratch a small patch in gold item and then use a drop of nitric acid on the scratched patch where there is no gold polish. If the patch turns green, it’s a gold plated piece or a non precious metal and not pure gold for sure. If it is gold plated silver, then the patch will turn milky.
Apply liquid foundation on your skin and then rub the piece of gold on that area. If you find a black streak, you are most likely dealing with gold. This is a quick and easy test that can be performed anytime, anywhere, although its accuracy is often questioned.
No, you wouldn’t need iron bars to perform this test. Anybody with mild anaemia or deficiency of iron in the body can help you with this test. Simply rub a piece of gold on the forehead of an anaemic person. If the gold leaves behind a black mark or streak, it for surely gold you’ve been rubbing on that forehead. This happens as the haemoglobin in the blood of an anaemic person rises suddenly on coming in contact with gold.
Can simply be called heaviness test too- this can be performed by dropping a piece of jewellery in a glass full of water. If it floats, it might be fake; if it sinks, it’s almost certainly gold! Try it at home before you are confident about it.
Magnet will not attract gold, we all know that. If your jewellery gets attracted to gold, it is either completely fake, or a considerable part of it is adulterated.